Summary: 20 July 2015, New York – EU Statement on behalf of Federica Mogherini, European Union High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy delivered by Thomas Mayr-Harting, Head of Delegation of the European Union to the United Nations, at the United Nations Security Council meeting on Non-Proliferation.
– As delivered –
EU High Representative Federica Mogherini has asked me to convey the following message to the UNSC:
The agreement reached in Vienna on 14 July 2015 between Iran and China, France, Germany, Russia, the United Kingdom, the United States of America, with the support of the High Representative of the Union for Foreign and Security Policy, on a Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) is historic in nature.
The agreement, once implemented, marks a conclusion to the long-running diplomatic efforts to reach a comprehensive, long lasting and peaceful solution to the Iranian nuclear issue: one that will provide the necessary assurances on the exclusively peaceful nature of Iran’s nuclear programme on the one hand, and the lifting of sanctions on the other. As such it represents a significant achievement and a tribute to the merits of patient diplomacy, from all sides.
It is appropriate that a deal was struck in Vienna, where all this began 12 years ago when the IAEA started to look into possible Iranian undeclared nuclear activities. Since then there have been many months and years of at times difficult negotiations.
A key milestone in that process was the interim Geneva agreement in 2013, the smooth implementation of which provided necessary time and space for the complex negotiation process which followed. This resulted in the Lausanne agreement in April 2015 which set the parameters for the final deal.
The E3/EU+3 format was especially effective. We feel that the EU, in particular through the High Representative, played a crucial facilitation role. Throughout the whole process the EU has been the facilitator, moderator, and in the final stages, pen holder for the JCPOA text and its annexes. It is hard to imagine another actor who could have done this. A key element of success was maintaining the unity of the group and focus on a shared goal. It is to the credit of all those who participated that we stayed committed to reaching a mutually beneficial deal. The fact that the self-imposed deadline was overrun several times bears witness of the shared view that a quality agreement was vastly superior to a quick one.
The agreement is good, durable and verifiable. Iran has agreed to make changes to its nuclear programme. The International Atomic Energy Agency will have the access it needs to determine when Iran has completed those actions, and to detect any future violation of the agreement. Iran will receive phased sanctions’ lifting in return. The JCPOA annexes set out in detail what is required by all sides, providing clarity to facilitate the implementation of the agreement.
Together with the conclusion to be made by the International Atomic Energy Agency in that regard, the full implementation by Iran of its commitments under the JCPOA will contribute to building confidence in the exclusively peaceful nature of the Iranian nuclear program.
It will be necessary for all sides to work now towards implementing this JCPOA. The UNSCR adopted today is a key element in this process. As agreed in Vienna, the EU will endorse this UNSCR in Conclusions of the Foreign Affairs Council. The EU will also endorse the JCPOA and commits to abide by its terms and to follow the agreed implementation plan.
In effect, EU actions and commitments under the JCPOA related to the lifting of sanctions will be carried out in accordance with the timeline and modalities specified in the JCPOA; and that, as stipulated in the JCPOA, the termination of implementation of economic and financial sanctions would come into effect once the International Atomic Energy Agency has verified that Iran has implemented all of its nuclear-related commitments.
For the time being, the provisions under the Joint Plan of Action agreed in Geneva in 2013 have been extended for a further six months, to cover the period until the IAEA has verified that Iran has carried out its commitments.
The High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy will continue her supporting and coordinating role during the entire implementation phase of the JCPOA.
The High Representative hopes and expects that this positive development will open the door to a steady improvement in relations between the European Union, its Member States and Iran, as well as improved Iranian regional and international relations, and that it will constitute the basis of a more stable and secure region in the longer term. It is essential that this opportunity is seized by all.
Thank you, Mr. President.
- Ref: EUUN15-114EN
- EU source:
- UN forum:
- Date: 20/7/2015