1. Let me start out by thanking Brazil for organising today’s debate on the interdependence between security and development. I would also like to thank the Secretary-General for his briefing and Ms. Sarah Cliffe of the World Bank for her remarks on the World Development Report, which we look forward to.
2. The Candidate Countries Turkey, Croatia*, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia*, and Montenegro*, the Countries of the Stabilisation and Association Process and potential candidates Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, and the EFTA country Liechtenstein, member of the European Economic Area, as well as Ukraine, the Republic of Moldova, Armenia and Georgia align themselves with this declaration.
3. The interdependence between security and socioeconomic issues has been at the heart of this international organisation from day one. As US President Truman said in his address to the San Francisco Conference, and I quote: “A just and lasting peace cannot be attained by diplomatic agreement alone, or by military cooperation alone. Experience has shown how deeply the seeds of war are planted by economic rivalry and by social injustice.” End of quote.
4. Regardless of the nexus between security and development, the Council’s core business remains securing freedom from fear, with many other parts of the UN machinery already fighting for freedom from want. But as the useful concept note states, the Council, within its own responsibilities, can address said nexus by taking development into account in its deliberations on security. It is in that context that the EU welcomes today’s debate.
5. I would like to approach the complex interrelationship between security and development from three angles: security as a precondition for development, development as a precondition for security and respect for human rights as a precondition for both security and development.
6. First, in the short run, security is a precondition for development. In more than half of the post-conflict countries within five years after a peace agreement conflict flares up again. And if that happens, it destroys any hope of development. You can’t rebuild your house while it’s still on fire. Peacekeeping missions can help keep violence at bay, especially if they are multidimensional and join forces with other UN entities through an Integrated Strategic Framework, while taking into account the need to ensure the impartiality, neutrality and independence of the humanitarian entities. The EU remains committed to further improving the performance of these missions, both from New York and in the field. In New York, we remain a staunch supporter of and an active contributor to the PBC, which can provide peacebuilding counsel to the Security Council, for example on how to tie the activities of its missions into the wider peacebuilding effort in a country. In addition, the EU looks forward to a strategy for critical early peacebuilding tasks undertaken by peacekeepers that features joint UN planning and a clear UN division of labour based on competence, track records and ability to deliver. Also here in New York, we look forward to a results-oriented C34 that makes headway with an effective strategic framework for the protection of civilians and with the constructive dialogue on a robust approach to peacekeeping, among other things. In the field, aside from our own 13 political, civilian and military missions, we make financial resources available for projects to buttress UN peacekeeping missions. This has for example helped MINUSTAH with the development of justice and police manuals in Haiti, UNAMID with the disarmament, demobilization and reintegration of former combatants in Darfur, MINURCAT with the training of police in Chad and UNMIT with the capacity-building of the security sector in Timor-Leste. All crucial steps towards making these countries safe for development.
7. In the long run, development is a precondition for security. Many of the poorest countries are also the most fragile ones and each percentage point more growth means a percentage point less of a risk of civil war. We need to work on long-term solutions, mainstreaming conflict prevention into our development policies. We need to work on sustainable development, food security, on addressing all the root causes of conflict. And thats what the EU is doing. Poverty eradication is at the heart of the Treaty of Lisbon. More than 50 percent of the money spent to help developing countries comes from the European Union and its member states, making it the world’s biggest aid donor. The Millennium Development Goals serve as one beacon of our aid policy, and national ownership serves as another. Of course, national actors can only take charge, if they have the capacity to manage the myriad relationships with the international community. That is why the EU has decided to help the Peacebuilding Support Office put together a special database, which can serve as the basis for developing national aid information management systems. Often overlooked is the potential socioeconomic impact of peacekeeping missions, which frequently stimulate the local economy not just by providing security, but also through their local spending. More should be done to optimize this stimulus effect.
8. My third and last point concerns human rights, the third pillar of our world organization. Both in the short and in the long run, respect for all human rights and for the rule of law, apart from an end in itself, is also a precondition for both security and development. Security without respect for human rights and the rule of law is not security. And in the same vein, I say: no human development without human rights. For example, as UNDGs most recent report on human rights mainstreaming argued, respect for human rights helps reduce inequality and discrimination, which often underlie development problems. The European Union strongly backs the mainstreaming of human rights, including gender equality, in the work of the UN, for example through the recently established mainstreaming mechanism of the UN Development Group. More frequent appearances of the High Commissioner for Human Rights at this horseshoe table would be a good way to further mainstream human rights in the work of the Security Council. The European Union supports OHCHR in its efforts to integrate human rights into all components of UN peacekeeping operations.
9. Today’s PRST registers as an important addition to the growing volume of international documents on security and development. In this context, a landmark document is of course the 2005 World Summit Outcome, through which world leaders recognized the strong link and mutual reinforcement between security, development and human rights. The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development counts as another prime example. The EU looks forward to further following up such declarations of interdependence with translations into international action.
* Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and Montenegro continue to be part of the Stabilisation and Association Process.