11 October 2016, New York – Statement delivered by H.E. Mr. João Vale de Almeida, Head of the Delegation of the European Union to the United Nations, at United Nations Africa Week on Strengthening Partnerships for Inclusive Sustainable Development, Good Governance, Peace and Stability in Africa High Level Event “Strengthening Partnerships for Peace, Security and Stability in Africa”
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Mr. Co-Chairs, I am delivering the following statement on behalf of the European Union and its Member States.
The Candidate Countries Turkey, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia*, Montenegro*, Serbia* and Albania*, the country of the Stabilisation and Association Process and potential candidate Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Republic of Moldova, align themselves with this statement.
I would like to thank the co-chairs for organising today’s High Level Event on Strengthening Partnerships for Peace, Security and Stability in Africa.
Europe and Africa have close historical, cultural and geographical ties. The Africa-EU partnership is critical for both continents; their future is linked. Much has been achieved since the launch of this Partnership in 2007. The year 2015 saw the largest amount of cooperation activities (EUR 337 million) between the EU and the AU, with increased financial support channelled through the African Peace Facility and the Pan-African Programme.
The annual College-to-College meetings between the European Commission and the AU Commission, and the regular interactions between the AU Peace and Security Committee and the EU Political and Security Council play an important part in building our partnership: they provide oversight and give strategic guidance and can initiate new or re-invigorate areas of cooperation. Following the latest College to College meeting in April this year, the Africa-EU Summit, scheduled to take place in Cote d’Ivoire during the second half of 2017, will be our next largest joint event. The upcoming Summit will be a crucial opportunity to review progress across the board, also in the context of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and Agenda 2063.
At the bilateral level, peace and security issues have been part of the article 8 political dialogue with a number of partners. Cases in point include drug trafficking (with Mozambique and Liberia), international terrorism/ISIL, piracy (in the cases of Mozambique, Togo, Mauritius, Seychelles), organized crime, SALW and human trafficking (with Senegal, Guinea and Liberia), or terrorism and radicalisation/Boko Haram (with Benin, Niger, Angola and Cote d’Ivoire).
The EU and the African Union also have a good and long-standing relationship in the area of Conflict Prevention and Peacebuilding. The EU supports the AU and its Regional Economic Commissions (RECs) first and foremost through the Africa Peace Facility (APF), which over the years has become one of the key instruments for implementing the Africa-EU cooperation on Peace and Security. More than EUR 2 billion have been allocated for the APF since its inception in 2004. APF support has effectively contributed to the enhancement of the African Union’s capacities to prevent and react to crisis and threats to stability by strengthening the African Peace and Security Architecture (APSA) with important tools and structures and initiatives, such as the Panel of the Wise, the Peace and Security Council, the Continental Early Warning System, or the African Standby Force.
No later than July 2016, the EU announced that it would provide up to € 28 million to support the AU’s APSA Support Programme III (2016-2018).
The African Peace Facility also funds the AU and RECs towards peace support operations, which take the bulk of the funding, and include the AU Mission in Somalia (AMISOM); the Multinational Joint Task Force in its fight against Boko Haram; ECOWAS for the ECOWAS Mission to Guinea Bissau (ECOMIB) and the Regional Cooperation Initiative for the Elimination of the Lord’s Resistance Army (RCI-LRA).
At the same time, the EU’s Emergency Response Mechanism (ERM) is used to support both civilian and military interventions such as the development, establishment and running of ceasefire monitoring and verification mechanisms. Examples of such APF support for peacekeeping include South Sudan, where the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) is supported to run the mediation process, and support for the AU in trying to mediate in the crisis in Burundi.
The EU’s investment in conflict prevention and peace building in Africa is part of wider efforts to ensure a comprehensive approach in fragile and conflict-affected situations.
Les conflits et les situations d’instabilité ou de fragilité constituent des obstacles majeurs au développement en Afrique comme ailleurs. L’Union européenne collectivement et les Etats membres de l’Union européenne individuellement sont déterminés à poursuivre leur appui aux efforts conduits par leurs partenaires africains pour promouvoir la paix et la sécurité sur le continent. Il est urgent et crucial que les partenaires africains et les autres donateurs accroissent leur contribution financière à ces efforts. Il en va de la responsabilité de toutes les parties et du leadership des partenaires africains eux-mêmes.
Nous saluons l’accord scellé lors du dernier Sommet de l’Union Africaine de Kigali en vue de l’activation du Fonds pour la Paix de l’UA et les efforts conduits par Donald Kaberuka. Nous encourageons la mise en œuvre de cet accord dans les meilleurs délais.
Dans ce contexte, l’Union européenne est plus que jamais disposée à renforcer sa coopération et son dialogue stratégique dans un cadre tripartite avec l’Union Africaine et les Communautés Economiques Régionales, tout en impliquant les Nations Unies.
Je vous remercie.
* The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Albania continue to be part of the Stabilisation and Association Process.
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