Summary: 29 October 2014, New York – European Union General Statement before the vote on cluster 1: Nuclear Weapons by Mr. András Kos, Minister Counsellor, Delegation of the European Union, Geneva, at the 69th Session of the UN General Assembly First Committee 20th meeting
– As delivered –
I am speaking on behalf of the European Union.
The Candidate Countries the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia∗, Montenegro*, Serbia*, Iceland+ and Albania∗, the country of the Stabilisation and Association Process and potential candidate Bosnia and Herzegovina, and the EFTA country Liechtenstein, member of the European Economic Area, as well as Ukraine and Georgia align themselves with this statement.
With regards to the Middle East in the nuclear cluster, we would like to make the following observations.
The EU continues to strongly support the outcome of the 2010 Review Conference of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) on the Middle East and remains fully committed to the establishment of a zone free of weapons of mass destruction and their delivery systems in the Middle East. We regret that it has not been possible so far to convene a Conference on the establishment of such a zone to be attended by all States of the region. We continue to fully support the ongoing preparations and commend the co-convenors and particularly, the Facilitator, Ambassador Laajava of Finland and his team for their tireless efforts in this regard. We would have preferred to have more emphasis on the encouraging step constituted by the series of informal meetings in Switzerland in our discussions and their outcome. The EU calls on all States in the region to urgently and proactively engage with the Facilitator, the co-convenors and each other with the aim of convening the Conference as soon as possible, on the basis of arrangements freely arrived at between the States of the region.
We call on all states in the region, which have not yet done so, to accede to the NPT and the conventions for the prohibition of chemical and biological weapons, to sign and ratify the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty and to conclude with the IAEA Comprehensive Safeguards Agreements, Additional Protocols and, as applicable, modified Small Quantities Protocols.
The EU fully supports the ongoing diplomatic efforts led by the High Representative, together with China, France, Germany, the Russian Federation, the UK and the US to seek a diplomatic solution with Iran to the Iranian nuclear issue. The EU welcomes the Joint Plan of Action (JPA) between Iran and the E3/EU+3, and the Framework for Cooperation between Iran and the IAEA and that Iran continues to implement the measures under the JPA. It is essential and urgent that Iran cooperates fully with the Agency regarding Possible Military Dimensions. The EU underlines that resolving all outstanding issues will be essential to achieve a comprehensive, negotiated long-term settlement, which is the EU’s objective. It is vital that Iran engages fully with the IAEA to resolve all outstanding issues in order to build international confidence in the exclusively peaceful nature of the Iranian nuclear programme.
The EU is deeply concerned that the Agency is unable to provide credible assurances about the absence of undeclared nuclear material and activities in Iran, and therefore is not able to conclude that all nuclear material in Iran is in peaceful activities.
The EU fully supported the adoption of the resolution of the Board of Governors of 9 June 2011, which reported Syria’s non-compliance with its Safeguards Agreement to the UN Security Council and the General Assembly. The EU deeply regrets that Syria has still to remedy its non-compliance by cooperating as a matter of priority and transparently with the Agency to resolve all outstanding issues, and by signing, bringing into force and implementing in full an Additional Protocol as soon as possible. The European Union would like to thank the Director General for his latest report on the implementation of the NPT Safeguards Agreement in the Syrian Arab Republic.
∗ The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Albania continue to be part of the Stabilisation and Association Process.
+ Iceland continues to be a member of the EFTA and of the European Economic Area.
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