On behalf of the EU and its Member States, I would like to underline the following points:
- We are currently elaborating our position on the post-2015 agenda and are committed to listen, consider, interact and assess proposals by other countries, the UN system, the scientific community and other stakeholders. In this regard, we very much value today’s thematic debate to inform our position.
- We have shared some preliminary views, notably in the context of the discussion on Sustainable Development Goals (SDGS). We consider key to incorporate the social, economic and environmental dimensions of sustainable development in a balanced, holistic and coherent way, while capturing inter-linkages and cross-cutting issues. What we have heard today on the Energy-Water nexus is particularly relevant and helpful in this regard. Clearly, we need collectively to avoid thinking in silos and strive towards addressing these challenges together. One answer is to aim for Policy Coherence for Development which the EU is very much committed to.
- This is a complex endeavour. Indeed, some would argue for an even more comprehensive nexus, adding land and food security to the 2 above issues of energy and water in order to apprehend the challenge in the most comprehensive way. This was for example the approach taken by the independent European Report on Development last year advocating an ambitious integrated Water-Energy-Landnexus. Looking ahead, our collective challenge will be to ensure that we embrace this approach while ensuring that it remains sufficiently action-oriented and easy to communicate, so as to make a concrete difference on the ground.
- We have also heard today that poor management of energy and water often affects the poorest and can also be a potential source of conflict or multiplying threats. We have also heard that the insecurities of water, energy, and food can be exacerbated by the impacts of climate change Again, this underlines a point we have repeatedly made: There is a fundamental link between ending poverty and giving the world a sustainable future and we need collectively to reinforce this common agenda in years ahead. Eradicating poverty and achieving sustainable development will not be possible without fighting climate change, as recently evidenced by the World Bank report. Our efforts ahead should thus be supportive of low carbon development, consistent with the objective of limiting global temperature increase below 2°C and of ensuring climate resilient societies and economies.
- We have also heard about the responsibilities and contributions from all partners to tackle these issues. There again, the nexus should not only relate to the issues per se but to the way we work together to tackle them. In other words, we also need a change of paradigm, a new “nexus of actors”, bringing together in partnership all contributions and putting them to good and efficient use, whether from public or private, domestic or international sources.
 European Report on Development (ERD) 2011/2012 “Confronting scarcity: Managing water, energy and land for inclusive and sustainable growth”
 “Turn Down the Heat: Why a 4°C Warmer World Must Be Avoided”