In the Jammu and Kashmir crisis, local people continue to be caught between terrorist incursions and repression by the security forces.
The European Union invites the Indonesian authorities to act rapidly to end the current violence on the Moluccas.
In Angola, the human rights situation remains a case for concern, despite the efforts of the government, whose ability to improve it has been affected by political and military instability. Atrocities such as summary executions, forced recruitment, laying of mines, pillaging of civilians, obstruction or diversion of humanitarian aid continue, even beyond the borders of the country, mainly due to UNITA. The European Union calls for an end to this. It calls on the government fully to assume its responsibility for protecting and assisting displaced persons in the areas under its administration.
In Burundi, it condemns the attacks on civilians and remains profoundly concerned by the persistent level of violence and in particular by the acts perpetrated by the rebel groups. It urges them to join the peace negotiations without delay or preconditions. It hopes that the conditions for a voluntary return home for those currently seeking refuge in regroupment camps will soon be fulfilled and that the gradual resumption of international aid will relieve the sorely tested civilian population.
The situation in Somalia, particularly in the south, remains troubling. The European Union hopes that the recent progress in the peace process will enable the suffering of the population to be brought to an end.
The European Union welcomes the resumption of indirect peace talks between Eritrea and Ethiopia. It remains concerned by the situation of Ethiopians in Eritrea and of Eritreans in Ethiopia, despite the signing of an agreement on the cessation of hostilities between Ethiopia and Eritrea. The European Union particularly regrets the expulsion of tens of thousands of people to their country of origin over the past two years and the detention or ill?treatment many of them have suffered. The human rights situation in general must be further improved in both countries.
The European Union condemns the recent armed incursions from neighbouring countries in Guinea, which have created a climate of insecurity in the border area. It urges Guinea to continue its mission to protect the many refugees it has long accommodated on its territory. It is important that Guinea should return to calm and resume the path of dialogue between political forces, ahead of the legislative elections set for 26 November 2000.
In Colombia, civilians, and particularly those defending human rights, are paying an unacceptable price in the current conflict. The European Union is disturbed by the deterioration in the humanitarian and human rights situation. It supports all efforts at peace and in particular the processes of peace and facilitation between the government and armed groups. It supports the work of the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights in Bogota and the action of the peace communities.
The European Union reaffirms that the status quo in Cyprus remains unacceptable. It supports the UN Secretary-General’s Mission of Good Offices aiming at a just, global and viable solution consistent with relevant Security Council resolutions. The European Union pleads for full respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms for all Cypriots. It supports the efforts deployed by UNFICYP to implement its humanitarian mandate, as well as those of the tripartite United Nations Committee on Missing Persons.
IV. The European Union is conscious that the path to reconciliation, which must be based on full respect for the rights of each person, may be long, and regards the determined commitment of leadership as vital to its success. Without it, the support of the international community is futile. Without respect for the rights of each person, peace once re-established cannot be consolidated.
The situation in Bosnia and Herzegovina demonstrates the full extent of the difficulty of a return to community life and tolerance after years of the politics of separation and hatred. It brings out the importance of setting up neutral institutions which are respectful of human rights, and of the fight against impunity.
In Kosovo, the European Union firmly denounces ethnic and political violence, from whatever source it stems. It stresses the importance of the local government elections on 28 October to enabling the democratic process and a society of tolerance, where each person can fully enjoy his or her rights, to take root.
The European Union welcomes the improvement in the human rights situation in the Congo since the signing of the peace agreements. This favourable development must be consolidated by substantive progress in the effort to achieve national reconciliation, the introduction of democracy and the rule of law. It calls for a full investigation of the question of missing persons.
The European Union calls upon the highest authorities in Guatemala to involve themselves unambiguously in the reconciliation process. The peace agreements and the recommandations contained in the report of the Commission for historical clarification must be implemented resolutely and all that is necessary must be done to ensure that the murderers of Mgr Gerardi are brought to justice and that violence and intimidation against the defenders of human rights cease.