I have the honour of speaking on behalf of the European Union. The Candidate Countries Turkey, Croatia* and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia*, the Countries of the Stabilisation and Association Process and potential candidates Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro and Serbia, as well as Ukraine, the Republic of Moldova and Armenia, align themselves with this statement.
International terrorism continues to be one of the most dangerous threats of our time. Over the past decade, terrorist networks have proven capable not only of inflicting massive casualty and human suffering but also of destabilizing entire societies and states. The attack in Kabul on the 28 October reminded us once again that terrorism has become a direct and increasingly serious threat also to the UN and its personnel.
The men and women who were killed in the Kabul attack deserve our deep gratitude for serving the UN and its principles under dangerous circumstances and for paying for this noble cause with their lives. The European Union extends its deepest condolences to their families and friends.
Arresting terrorists, disrupting their plots and eliminating their sources of financing are essential in keeping the threat at bay. The European Union will continue to support firm multilateral action against terrorism and is committed to implementing and improving the multilateral counter-terrorism framework.
The effectiveness of our measures builds on their credibility and perceived legitimacy. The EU is actively engaged in the ongoing discussions about enhancing the design, implementation and effectiveness of sanctions. We welcome the continuous efforts to ensure that fair and clear procedures within the 1267 regime are enhanced.
The adoption of Security Council resolution 1822 last year was an important step in this direction. We welcome the specific measures taken to improve the listing process on the basis of this resolution, such as providing statements of case for new listings and publishing narrative summaries of reasons for listings. Another major step forward is the review of the 1267 list. It has already shown significant results.
Further improvements on many points, and especially with regard to delisting, are necessary. The resolution to be adopted by the Security Council in December presents an important opportunity. The 10th report of the Monitoring Team offers a valuable basis for this effort.
In response to resolution 1822 and the European Court of Justices demands, the European Union is in the process of modifying its procedures for implementing the 1267 regime. With these improvements, the EU hopes to meet the due process requirements set out by European Courts. Further improvements at the UN level are also called for in order to ensure the effective implementation of the UN sanctions regime.
Our collective ability to curb terrorism ultimately depends on the ability of individual Member States. Strengthening of legal frameworks and the bolstering of national capacities to respond to terrorist threats is of vital importance.
The EU and its Member States are among the main providers of capacity-building measures in the rule of law and counter-terrorism areas under resolution 1373. We continue to support the Counter-Terrorism Committee (CTC) and its Executive Directorate (CTED) and will continue to make significant contributions to their work as well as to the Terrorism Prevention Branch of the UNODC.
The European Union welcomes the results of the interim review of the work of CTED, as set out in resolution 1805. We support the ongoing stock-taking of the implementation process with its special focus on countries which have not regularly reported to the Committee and the ambition to strengthen cooperation with regional specialized organisations. We also encourage deeper integration of human rights in the CTCs and CTEDs work with Member States.
It is difficult to imagine a more frightening scenario than terrorists using nuclear, biological or chemical weapons. Resolution 1540 provides a strong legal basis for our diplomatic, legal and financial efforts to prevent non-state actors, including terrorists, from acquiring these types of weapons and their means of delivery.
The EU Strategy Against the Proliferation of WMD underlines our commitment to the highest export control standards and we continue to provide significant assistance to third countries. The EU, in addition to its member states individual contributions, plans to spend around 300 million Euros on cooperation to counter proliferation of chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear weapons and materials in the period 2007-2013.
We also welcome the comprehensive review process through which Member States were recently invited to share views and experiences on the status of implementation of resolution 1540. The 1540 Committee is an important clearinghouse, matching assistance offers and requests, a role which should be further developed.
In order for sanctions and other measures aimed specifically at terrorists to be effective, they must comply fully with all aspects of international law, including human rights law, refugee law and international humanitarian law. They must also be combined with efforts aimed at addressing the conditions conducive to terrorism. The Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy stands as the most significant expression of our common ambition to address international terrorism in all its aspects. But more needs to be done when it comes to implementation. One concrete step which should be taken urgently is to institutionalize the Secretary-Generals Counter-Terrorism Implementation Task Force (CTITF).
The European Union welcomes the efforts of the Security Council and its Committees to seek an effective, legitimate and coherent implementation of UN counter-terrorism measures. We will continue to be a committed partner also in the period ahead.
Thank you Mr. President.
* Croatia and The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia continue to be part of the Stabilisation and Association Process.