Select Page

EU at the UN

The EU's commitment to effective multilateralism, with the UN at its core, is a central element of its external action. As a UN observer with enhanced status, the EU delegation coordinates with its 28 Member States to speak with one voice. The EU also works closely with the UN secretariat and its agencies, funds & programmes, partnering on a range of global issues and challenges.

Environment Commissioner Stavros Dimas said: “The latest projections
show that the Kyoto target will be reached once the Member States have adopted
and implemented the additional actions now under discussion. I therefore urge
them to do this swiftly. The Commission has already made a significant
contribution to reaching the Kyoto target through its decisions on national
allocations under the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) for 2008-2012. This also
lays a solid foundation for achieving our more ambitious emission targets for
2020, for which we will bring forward a number of proposals early next
year.”

Kyoto commitments

Under Kyoto the EU-15 Member States are committed to reducing their
collective greenhouse gas emissions in 2008-2012 to 8% below base year levels.
There is no collective target for EU-25 or EU-27 emissions. Most EU-12 Member
States have individual commitments to reduce emissions to 6% or 8% below base
year levels over the same period. Cyprus and Malta have no target.

Historical emissions and projections to 2010

As announced in June (see IP/07/835),
EU-15 greenhouse gas emissions in 2005 – the latest year for which full data are
available – were 2% lower than base year levels. This contrasted with
economic growth of more than 35% over the same period. For the EU-25 the
emissions reduction to 2005 was 11% from base year levels.

The latest projections by Member States show that existing policies and
measures – those already implemented – are expected to reduce EU-15
emissions to 4% below base year levels by 2010, the middle year of the 2008-2012
period.

Plans by 10 of the EU-15 Member States to buy credits from emission-saving
projects carried out in third countries under Kyoto’s market-based
mechanisms would bring a further reduction of 2.5%, taking the cut to 6.5%.

Planned afforestation and reforestation activities, which create biological
‘sinks’ that absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, would contribute an
additional cut of 0.9%, giving a 7.4% reduction, 0.6% short of the Kyoto target.
The target will be more than comfortably achieved on condition that additional
policies and measures currently under discussion are promptly put in place and
fully implemented. The total emissions reduction could then increase to
11.4%.

Additional policies and measures under discussion at EU level which would
contribute to meeting the Kyoto target include the Commission’s proposals to
include aviation in the EU ETS from 2011 and to require a 10% cut in greenhouse
gas emissions from transport fuels between 2011 and 2020. Both are presently
under discussion within the Council and the European Parliament under the
co-decision procedure.

A significant contribution to meeting the EU-15’s 8% reduction target will
come from the Commission’s decisions to cut back many national allocation plans
(NAP) for the second trading period of the EU ETS. Compared with base year
levels, these decisions will reduce EU-15 emissions by 3.4% and EU-25 emissions
by 2.6% (emissions data for Bulgaria and Romania have not been independently
verified due to their recent accession). Part of this reduction may already be
reflected in some Member States’ projections.

The progress report indicates that all EU-25 Member States can reach their
individual Kyoto targets. Those that are currently not on track have recently
identified or are in the process of identifying supplementary actions. To be
effective and timely in reducing emissions, such measures must be introduced and
implemented swiftly however.

Emissions targets for 2020

At their spring European Council last March, EU Heads of State and Government
pledged that the EU would reduce its emissions in the order of 30% below 1990
levels by 2020 provided that other developed countries agreed to make similar
efforts. The EU leaders committed the EU to cutting its emissions by at least
20% over the same period in any case, and endorsed the package of climate and
energy measures put forward by the Commission last January as the basis for
achieving this goal.

The latest projections show that to reach these targets for 2020, the EU will
have to put emissions on a much steeper reduction path after 2012. This
underlines the need for the EU and Member States to put in place the policies
and measures set out in the climate and energy package as soon as possible. The
Commission intends to propose a number of key measures in early 2008.

Annex

Projected emissions in 2010 compared with base year

With existing policies and measures
Use of Kyoto mechanisms (Govt.)
Use of carbon sinks
Additional policies and measures
With all measures, Kyoto mechanisms and carbon sinks
– Base Year (BY) emissions
Kyoto targets
Projections for 2010
Effect in 2010
Effect in 2010
Effect in 2010
Projections for 2010
Gap between projections and target
MtCO2
% of BY
% of BY
% of BY
% of BY
% of BY
% of BY
% of BY
Austria*
78.9
-13.0%
17.2%
-11.4%
-0.9%
-18.2%
-13.4%
-0.4%
Belgium*
146.9
-7.5%
-3.6%
-4.8%
-8.4%
-0.9%
Bulgaria
138.3
-8.0%
-37.0%
-4.6%
-41.7%
-33.7%
Cyprus
6.0
na
101.6%
-13.7%
87.9%
na
Czech Republic
196.3
-8.0%
-25.8%
-3.1%
-28.8%
-20.8%
Denmark*
69.3
-21.0%
-9.7%
-6.1%
-3.3%
-19.0%
2.0%
Estonia
43.5
-8.0%
-56.6%
-3.3%
-59.9%
-51.9%
Finland*
71.1
0.0%
19.6%
-3.4%
-0.8%
-17.4%
-2.0%
-2.0%
France*
564.0
0.0%
0.9%
-4.3%
-3.4%
-3.4%
Germany*
1231.5
-21.0%
-22.4%
-3.3%
-25.7%
-4.7%
Greece*
111.7
25.0%
34.7%
-9.8%
24.9%
-0.1%
Hungary
122.2
-6.0%
-28.5%
-0.2%
-28.7%
-22.7%
Ireland*
55.8
13.0%
22.6%
-6.5%
-3.7%
-0.2%
12.3%
-0.7%
Italy*
519.5
-6.5%
13.1%
-3.7%
-3.2%
-12.2%
-6.0%
0.5%
Latvia
25.3
-8.0%
-46.2%
-2.4%
-48.6%
-40.6%
Lithuania
48.0
-8.0%
-30.2%
-30.2%
-22.2%
Luxembourg*
12.7
-28.0%
11.9%
-37.3%
-2.7%
-28.0%
0.0%
Malta
1.0
na
123.5%
123.5%
na
Netherlands*
213.2
-6.0%
-0.6%
-9.4%
-0.1%
-10.1%
-4.1%
Poland
586.9
-6.0%
-28.4%
-28.4%
-22.4%
Portugal*
60.9
27.0%
44.3%
-9.5%
-7.6%
-4.0%
23.1%
-3.9%
Romania
282.5
-8.0%
-31.9%
-3.9%
-35.8%
-27.8%
Slovakia
73.0
-8.0%
-20.2%
-3.1%
-23.3%
-15.3%
Slovenia
20.2
-8.0%
6.8%
-3.0%
-8.3%
-8.2%
-12.7%
-4.7%
Spain*
288.4
15.0%
42.3%
-11.0%
-2.0%
29.2%
14.2%
Sweden*
72.3
4.0%
-3.4%
-2.9%
-6.4%
-10.4%
United Kingdom*
775.2
-12.5%
-23.2%
0.0%
-0.5%
-23.7%
-11.2%
EU-15
4271.4
-8.0%
-4.0%
-2.5%
-0.9%
-4.0%
-11.4%
-3.4%

Notes:

1) Under the Kyoto Protocol, the 15 Member States (marked with *) that made
up the EU until its enlargement to 27 Member States have to reduce their
collective greenhouse gas emissions by 8% below 1990 levels during 2008-2012.
This target is shared among the 15 Member States under a legally binding
agreement (Council Decision 2002/358/EC of 25 April 2002). Most of the 12 new
Member States have individual targets under the Kyoto Protocol. The exceptions
are Cyprus and Malta, which have no targets.

2) Existing policies and measures are those for which one or more of the
following applies: (a) national legislation is in force; (b) one or more
voluntary agreements have been established; (c) financial resources have been
allocated; (d) human resources have been mobilised; (e) an official government
decision has been made and there is a clear commitment to proceed with
implementation. Additional (planned) policies and measures are options under
discussion with a realistic chance of being adopted and implemented in future.

3) For Member States not providing emission scenarios based on additional
policies and measures, the overall projections are based on existing
measures.

4) The figures for the Czech Republic, Finland, France, Ireland, the
Netherlands, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom include their estimate of the
effect of the EU ETS.

 
FaceBook Twitter