Summary: May 22, 2002: EU Statement at the Security Council about Africa (New York)
Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Cyprus, Malta, Turkey and Liechtenstein align themselves with this statement.
The EU expresses its appreciation to the Security Council for convening this open debate which offers a good opporunity to discuss the question of how the international community can work together in a coordinated and mutually-reinforcing fashion in the area of conflict prevention and resolution in Africa. In particular, the EU welcomes the establishment of the Security Council ad hoc working group on conflict prevention and resolution in Africa chaired by Ambassador Jagdish Koonjul, Permanent Representative of Mauritius.
The EU attaches great importance to partnership and enhanced cooperation and coordination between the main bodies of the UN on the one hand, and between the UN and regional and subregional organizations on the other. In this regard, the EU welcomes the participation and statements of the Permanent Observer of the OAU in New York, Ambassador Amadou Kebe, and the President of ECOSOC, Ambassador Ivan Simonovic in today´s debate. It is extremely encouraging to see that consultations between the the UN and the African Union are now a matter of routine and that coordination between these two organizations on conflict prevention and linkage to their action on conflict resolution is beginning to take shape.
The EU welcomes the recent Secretary- General´s report on the establishment of an ECOSOC ad hoc group on African countries emerging from conflict since ECOSOC could play an important role vis-à-vis countries those countries by bringing its unique coordination role and responsibility to bear on peace-building and economic and social reconstruction. The EU considers that the establishment of two ad hoc groups for Africa in ECOSOC and in the Security Council will provide an opportunity to enhance the coordination between those two bodies in order to address the challenges of peace-building and to mobilize support for the needs of the African countries emerging from conflict.
Regional and sub-regional cooperation is also a matter of priority for the EU and we attach great importance to our dialogue and cooperation with sub-regional organizations, notably SADC, ECOWAS and IGAD. They are important building blocks for African political and economic integration, and can contribute to securing peace and prosperity in Africa.
On the matter of electoral observation, the EU is committed to long-term electoral observation in Africa in the framework of the Cotonou agreement which recognizes the rule of law and the respect for human rights and elemental freedoms as essential elements of the agreement.
We support the New Partnership for African Development (NEPAD) to create the conditions for development and to enhance economic integration in Africa. This African-owned and led initiative clearly demonstrates that Africa and the EU share the same goals: sustainable economic growth and development, poverty eradication, good governance, democracy, rule of law, respect of human rights, investment in human resources, the fight against corruption, and conflict prevention and resolution. We look forward to the G8 meeting in Kananaskis (Canada) in June where the question of NEPAD will be discussed as well as to the African Summit in Durban in early July.
The EU is ready to work towards a unified framework of action by the UN system and the international community, based on a rationalization and concordance of existing initiatives. In this sense, the final review and appraisal of the UN New Agenda for the Development of Africa in the 1990s, scheduled for September this year, presents an opportunity for an assessment of the role that the UN and the international community have played in supporting Africa´s priorities, including a comprehensive review of initiatives on Africa. We note that a new ad hoc working group chaired by the President of the General Assembly is on its way.
I have the honour to give the floor to Mr. Hans Dahlgren, Special Representative of the Presidency for the Mano River Union countries.
Thank you, Mr. President.